The inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis. It is the onset of gum disease and treatment is relatively easy. This is why it is necessary to detect gingivitis before it advances to the next stage.
Plaque is the primary cause of gingivitis. It is that soft, sticky and colorless substance found in the mouth and contains bacteria. If plaque isn’t removed daily by brushing and flossing, it produces toxins that irritate the gum tissue and this is what causes gingivitis.
Gingivitis can be completely reversed once detected. This is because the bone and tissues that hold the teeth in place haven’t been affected yet. But if gingivitis isn’t treated, it leads to periodontitis which can permanently damage your teeth and jaw bone.
Symptoms of gingivitis
You can spot gingivitis if the following signs are seen in your mouth:
Red, swollen tender gums that bleed during brushing. If your gums are receding from your teeth and your teeth look elongated. Some people may experience recurring bad breath.
Good oral care is the primary weapon against gingivitis. It is also essential to have professional cleanings because when plaque hardens, it becomes tartar and only the dental professional can remove that.
So make sure you brush your teeth regularly and floss also at least once a day. Avoid bad habits like smoking and maintain a healthy diet.
Also, make sure you schedule regular appointments with your dentist.